Rwandan climate information

Climatology of Rwanda

Rwanda is located within the equatorial belt, its climate is strictly not of the equatorial rainy type. It has a modified  humid climate including rainy forest and Savannah  types. The central and eastern part of the country is generally of semi-arid type owing to its position in the rainy shadow of the western highlands.


The warmest annual average temperatures are found in the eastern low lying (20 – 21°C) and Bugarama Valley (23 – 24°C), and cooler temperatures in higher elevations of the central plateau (17.5 – 19°C) and highlands (less than 17°C). Temperatures vary little throughout the year.


Rwanda experiences a bimodal pattern of rainfall, which is driven primarily by the progression of Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone ( ITCZ). ITCZ follows the annual progression of the sun as it goes to the Northern Summer when the sun crosses the equator around March 21, and the Southern Summer around September 23 each year. The Maximum rainfall seasons occurs over March, April and May.


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